President of Turkmenistan

The compulsory wearing of nationwide clothes with a shawl of fine silk on the pinnacle becomes a rule in instructional establishments and state workplaces. Even TV newsreaders more and more appear in traditional costumes. In this fashion, obligatory wearing of traditional clothes can become an pointless burden for many Turkmen women.

Paragraph 153 of the government report states that the minimal age of marriage for people marrying other nationals is 16. Citizens marrying overseas nationals or persons without citizenship must be 18. The government report does not provide statistics or historical past on the age at marriage.

An oblique increase in workers’ income is supplied by the State by way of a tax system favouring small companies where feminine employees are predominant. Further, labour laws prohibit the refusal of employment, the firing of ladies or the reduction of their wages because of pregnancy, and in the case of single moms, for reasons referring to their children as much as 14 years. One member expert did notice, however, that the majority professional-women insurance policies in Turkmenistan focused on upholding the girl’s role in the household, significantly as that of mother. When asked if women in Turkmenistan exercised their right to authorized recourse once they had been discriminated against, she replied that women often most popular to settle such issues privately.

The single greatest and worst thing she has ever accomplished is ridden on a curler coaster in North Korea. If that’s not absurd enough for you, there’s a park that includes an enormous Ruhnama, the rambling e-book of commandments written by Niyazov that was as soon as the centrepiece of the schooling system. The city also hosts a statue of Lenin from Soviet times, positioned upon a large, carpeted plinth. In a repressive political climate, it gained’t come as a lot of a shock that the police can be sensitive about photography, notably round government buildings in Ashgabat.

Compared regionally, information show that women’s health in Turkmenistan, and significantly that of rural women, is considered to be the worst of all the previous Soviet Republics. Although no disaggregated information exist on sex-based mostly employment discrimination, there’s cause to consider that girls face unique challenges in the workplace. Jobs are often given to those that can afford to pay essentially the most substantial bribes, and the prevalence of traditional gender stereotypes suggests that households usually tend to assist a male family member in getting a job than a female family member. Interviewees for this report noted that the fear of shedding feminine workers to being pregnant or familial duties could cause some employers to hire men over women. Additionally, Turkmenistan does not have legal guidelines specifically prohibiting sexual harassment.

In the late Nineties the federal government renegotiated its export and worth preparations with Gazprom and renewed deliveries to Georgia, Ukraine, and another countries. It also opened its first pipeline to not move through Russia, the Korpezhe-Kurt Kui Pipeline. In the submit-Soviet era, Turkmenistan’s industrial sector has been dominated increasingly by the gas and cotton processing industries to the detriment of light industry. Between 1991 and 2004, some 14 new cotton-processing crops have been opened, sharply rising the aptitude of processing domestically produced cotton.

In July 2017, Alstom opened its first locomotive repairing middle in Kazakhstan. It is the only repairing heart in Central Asia and the Caucasus.

Another statue of Niyazov, with two soldiers standing guard, rises above the nation’s Independence Monument in Ashgabat. Turkmenistan grew to become unbiased upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Low energy costs since mid-2014 are hampering Turkmenistan’s economic growth and lowering government revenues. The authorities has minimize subsidies in a number of areas, and wage arrears have elevated.

In phrases of Ms. Shin’s questions on human growth, she stated the country report was based mostly on statistics that confirmed that ninety five per cent of ladies attended grade school as much as the eighth grade. Turkmenistan was planning to increase the variety of schools that were not State-run. It was also attempting to satisfy international standards of figuring out maternal and infant mortality charges. According to the 2002 census, the typical family size was 5.3 folks.

Saparmurat Niyazov

In rural areas and in Ashgabat, unemployed individuals may acquire help and vacancy bulletins. Women’s salaries had been completely different from men’s salaries as a result of women tended to work within turkmen women the social sector, whereas men tended to work within the industrial sector where the work was more durable. She added that employers couldn’t refuse jobs to pregnant or married women. Trade unions had been dealing a lot with employee rights and employment.

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Awareness activities to offer vitamin, breastfeeding and a wholesome lifestyle had been additionally provided. She also stated that Turkmen men and women had equal access to agricultural loans and credit, and the Law of Turkmenistan on Commercial Banks and Bank Activity of October 1993, access to loans didn’t depend upon the sex of the borrower. The report provides that worldwide acts on the rights of ladies have been revealed in the State language and are being disseminated through television, radio and the press. Pervasive corruption and the absence of the rule of regulation militate against dealing successfully with violence towards women. All of the women interviewed for this report knew women who had been abused by their husbands or boyfriends.

“Kazakhstan’s Little Brother takes Federal Foreign Office award at goEast”. Kazakhstan – International Religious Freedom Report 2008 Archived 2 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine U.S. Department of State. International Conference on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Technology (ICEERET2015). Archived from the original on 12 October 2017 – via ResearchGate. Kazakh literature is defined as “the body of literature, each oral and written, produced within the Kazakh language by the Kazakh people of Central Asia”.

Foreign commerce

Some of the newer human rights violations in Turkmenistan could be attributed to an alleged attempt on Niyazov’s life in November 2002. International organizations such as the OSCE have suggested that Niyazov staged the incident as a pretext for a crackdown on political opposition. Tourists come to Ashgabat because it’s rumored to be strange, and it’s. After the fall of the Soviet Union, an eccentric dictator named Saparmurat Niyazov seized management of Turkmenistan and began issuing more and more weird edicts. He changed his title to “Father of the Turkmen People” and named a meteorite after himself.

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The price for 1 kilowatt-hour produced by small hydro-energy vegetation is 16.71 tenge ($zero.09), and from biogas crops 32.23 tenge ($0.18). The authorities has set the targets that a transition to the Green Economy in Kazakhstan happen by 2050. The green economy is projected to increase GDP by three% and create more than 500,000 new jobs. Kazakhstan established a visa-free regime for residents of fifty four countries, including European Union and OECD member states, the US, Japan, Mexico, Australia, and New Zealand. In 2009 the European Commission blacklisted all Kazakh air carriers with a sole exception of Air Astana.